Dr Elke Schwarz, BBA, Belmont University, USA; MA, King’s College London; PhD, LSE
Lecturer in Political Theory
Prior to joining QMUL as Lecturer in Political Theory, Elke was Lecturer in International Politics at the University of Leicester. After completing her PhD in at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), she also held positions as Teaching Fellow at University College London (UCL) and as Lecturer in International Relations at Anglia Ruskin University. Elke’s research focuses on the political and ethical implications of new technologies for politics and violence, with a focus on digital technologies and autonomous weapons systems. In 2018, she published her monograph Death Machines: The Ethics of Violent Technologies. She has also been awarded a BA/Leverhulme Small Grant for a project titled Moral agency and meaningful human control: Exploring military ethical values for alignment in the use of autonomous weapons systems. Elke is co-founder and co-convener of the BISA Ethics and World Politics Working Group.
I am interested in new and emerging technologies, including cyber / digital technologies, autonomous technologies, artificial intelligence, human-machine interface technologies. The overarching question I ask is how and in what ways do scientific technological rationales and apparatuses shape our knowledge, desires, practices and ways of thinking about politics, security, violence and ethics. This research currently extends in three interlinked directions:
The first is funded by the British Academy / Leverhulme Small Grants scheme and focuses on the role of moral agency and meaningful human control for the use of autonomous weapons systems, colloquially known as ‘Killer Robots’. The project explores the role ethical values and moral agency play for technologically advanced militaries, as weapons systems become increasingly more automated and autonomous. This is a small exploratory project which I am hoping to refine and roll out into a bigger, non-military investigation about ethical values and human control with AI for social, political and economic contexts.
The second strand of research looks more specifically at the possibility for political and ethical agency vis-à-vis Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies. Here I explore the narrative frames with which the utility of AI is presented and aim to situate our assumed relationship with the technological system more clearly to better understand the effects of digital and algorithmic power structures on the shaping of political and ethical knowledge, practices and modes of accountability.
As a third and overarching research aim, I tackle the conceptual question of ethics in politics more directly. Here I think through the implications of technological modes of agency and decision making, problematizing frames of ‘practical’ ethical thinking prevalent in computational practice as well as in politics today.
My previous research has centred on the nexus between biopolitics and technology with a specific focus on the ethics of violent technologies, specifically new military capabilities such as drones and autonomous systems.
Examples of research funding:
British Academy/Leverhulme Small Grant Award (GBP 8,464) ‘Moral agency and meaningful human control: Exploring military ethical values for alignment in the use of autonomous weapons systems – Project duration October 2017 – March 2019.
Death Machines: The Ethics of Violent Technologies. Research monograph (Manchester University Press), 2018
2018. ‘Flesh and Steel: antithetical materialities in the war on terror’. Critical Studies on Terrorism. Vol. 11, No. 2.
2018. 'Technology and moral vacuums in just war theorising', Journal of International Political Theory, online first 6 January 2018.
2016. Prescription drones: On the techno-biopolitical regime of contemporary ethical killing. Security Dialogue, 47(1): 59-75.
2014. @hannah_arendt: An Arendtian critique of online social networks. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 43(1): 165-86.
2017. ‘Hybridity and humility: What of the human in (post)humanity?’ in Eroukhmanoff and Harkers (eds) Reflections on the Posthuman in International Relations: The Anthropocene, Security and Ecology, E-IR Edited Collections.
2017 'Pursuing Peace: The strategic limits of drone warfare'. An INS special forum: Intelligence and drones. Intelligence and National Security 32(4): 422-425.
2016. All means, no end? Economies of life management. Forum on Patricia Owen’s book Economies of Force. The Disorder of Things, 7 January 216
2015. ‘Ethical encounters – Taming of the Infinite: Applying ethics for political violence. The Disorder of Things, 27 April 2015
2015. Embracing indecision: Free improvisation and ethics as action. The Disorder of Things, 7 April 2015
Happy to supervise any PhD project on:
- Digital / algorithmic technologies
- Drones and autonomous weapons systems
- Posthumanism / transhumanism
- Modern political thought / continental political philosophy
- Art and politics
Al Jazeera, The Stream: Will Killer Robots Save Us or Destroy Humanity? http://stream.aljazeera.com/story/201804102124-0025621
Time Magazine – Interviewee: A Global Arms Race for Killer Robots is Transforming the Battlefield: http://time.com/5230567/killer-robots/
NGOs and initiatives I am involved in:
International Committee for Robot Arms Control (ICRAC)
All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Drones
International Committee of the Red Cross (blog post forthcoming)